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HAMEDAN province covers an area of 19,493 km² and its population is estimated of 1.8 million people.
Hemadan province includes 8 counties of Hamedan, Malayer, Toyserkan, Nahavand, Asad Abad, Kabudrahang, Bahar, Razan.
There are also some major cities including, Laljin, Meryanj, Famenin, Saleh Abad, Ghorveh Darjazin, Sarkan, Samen, Firoozan, Azandrian, Damagh, Farsfoj, Ghahavand and Joorghan.
Malayer county has a population of around 310,000 people, Nahavand county has a population of 200,000 people, Hamadan County has a population of 700,000 thousand people, Tooserkan and Asadabad each have a population of around 150,000, Kabutare ahang, Razan, and Bahar each have a population of between 120,000 - 140,000 people. Kurdish, Azeri, Luri, and Persian language are spoken amongst the people of Hamadan Province, where Azeri is more popular in northern and eastern areas and Kurdish are mostly spoken in the west. In the central parts likeHamadan County and parts of Tooserkan, Persian is more common. Luri is spoken in southern parts of Malayer country and all of Nahavand .
In Hamadan county (which mainly includes Hamadan city), 80% of the people identified their language as Persian, 12% Azeri and 8% Luri, Kurdish and Laki.
In the counties of Hamadan province, the population of Nahavand with approximately 99% speaking Luri and Laki. The population of Malayer approximately 75% speak Persian, 15% Luri and Laki and 10% others. The population of Tooserkan county, the majority of the population is Luri and Laki. In Asadabad county, the population 63% were Persian, 14% Azeri, 19% Kurdish and 4% Luri and Laki. In Kabudarahang, the population with 90% speaking Azeri, 5% Persian and another 5% Kurdish. In Razan county, the population with 99.47% of the residents speaking Azeri and 0.53 speaking Kurdish. In Bahar country was 127600 with 86.3% speaking Azeri, 7.9% speaking Kurdish, 4.5% speaking Persian and 1.3% speaking Luri.
The divisions are shown on the map as well as the center of each county and the neighbor provinces.

  • The divisions of the county of Hamedan include: central, Shara, Famenin.
  • The divisions of the county of Malayer include: central, Jokar, Samen.
  • The divisions of the county of Nahavand include: central, Khazal.
  • The divisions of the county of Toyserkan include: central, ghelghelrood.
  • The divisions of the county of Asadabad include: central.
  • The divisions of the county of Kabudrahang include: central, Goltape and Shirinsoo.
  • The divisions of the county of Razan include: central, Ghorveh Darjazin and Sardorood.
  • The divisions of the county of Razan include: central, SalehAbad and Laljin.

Hamedan has been considered as sister city for Kulyab, Tajikestan. Hamedan central coordination locates in 34.7982°N 48.5146°E.
Hamadan is believed to be among the oldest Iranian cities and one of the oldest in the world.
Hamadan has a green mountainous area in the foothills of the 3574-meter Alvand Mountain, in the Midwest part of Iran. The city is 1850 meters above sea level.
The special nature of this old city and its historic sites attract tourists during the summer to this city, located approximately 360 km southwest of Tehran. The main symbols of this city are Ganjnameh board, Avicenna monument and Baba Taher monument.

1.2. Geography and Climate

The province lies in an elevated region, with the 'Alvand' mountains, running from the North West to the south west. These are part of the Zagros mountain range of Iran.
Hamedan enjoys temperate warm summers and relatively cold winters.
Hamadan province lies in a temperate mountainous region to the east of Zagros. The vast plains of the north and northeast of the province are influenced by strong winds, that almost last throughout the year. The various air currents of this region are: the north and North West winds of the spring and winter seasons, which are usually humid and bring rainfall. The west-east air currents that blow in the autumn and the local winds that develops due to difference in air-pressure between the elevated areas and the plains, like the blind wind of the Asad Abad region.
Hamadan is in the vicinity of the Alvand Mountains and has a cold, mountainous climate, with snowy winters. In fact, it is one of the coldest cities in Iran. The temperature may drop below -30°C on the coldest days. Heavy snowfall is common during winter and this can persist for periods of up to two months. During the short summer, the weather is mild, pleasant, and mostly

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