The other major cities of HAMEDAN province include:
1.1. TOYSERKAN: Toyserkan is a city located about 100 km south of
Hamadan, in western Iran. However, it was formerly called Roud Avar.
Latter was ruined in the invasion of the Mongols and its people fled to
Toy (or Tuy) village, afterwards called Toyserkan because of its
proximity to Serkan (a town located northwest of Toyserkan). The ancient
hills of Baba Kamal, Roudlar, Shahrestaneh, the remains of a Sassanid
city in Velashjerd,
the Saljuk Dome named after prophet Habakkuk, the Safavid building of
Shaykh Ali Khani School and the Qajar period’s covered bazaar, are all
indicative of Toyserkan’s historical background.
1.2. NAHAVAND: Nahavand, is a town in Hamadan Province in Iran. It
is located south of Hamadan, east of Malayer and northwest of Borujerd.
Nahavand is one of the oldest existing cities in Iran. The city was
founded by Darius I the Great, in Media along with the two other
Achaemenid cities of Apamea and Xerxes. The city was a center of
Chosroes I's empire.
It is the site of the Battle of Nihawand in 642 that completed the
fall of the Sassanid Empire and the Islamic conquest of Iran. Natives of
Nahavand include Benjamin Nahawandi, who was a key figure in the
development of Karaite Judaism in the Early Middle Ages, and 8th-century
astronomer Ahmad Nahavandi, who worked at the Academy of Gundishapur.
The Persian hero Feroze Nahavandi was born here.
Nahavand has an estimated population of 80,000. Nahavand also gives
its name to the musical mode (maqam) Nahwand in Arabic, Iranian and
Turkish music. This mode is known for its wide variety of Western
1.3. MALAYER: Malayer is a city in the Hamedan Province of Iran. The
second largest city of the Hamedan province, in Western Iran, it has a
history of rug weaving and has some popular parks. It had an estimated
population of 200,000. Malayer is located between Hamedan and
Khorramabad and is in 380 km South West of Tehran.
One of the notable aspects of the city in the 1960s was a series of
beautifully decorated horse and buggies. Any day of the week about
such horse and carriages were mostly parked in the town center with
ready drivers to serve visitors and the locals. The most popular
destination for carriages was the City Park, called "Park-e Malyer".
"Park-e Malayer" was another City trademark well known in the Hamedan
province. The park, situated a couple of miles outside the City,
contained a number of small lakes, lush vegetation, colorful ducks and
many trees and shrubbery. Hamedan province is situated in a semi-arid
region. Thus "Park e Malayer" with its natural beauty and lush
vegetation was a serene, inviting environment in the region. During hot
summers many people would spend some time in Malayer to enjoy the "Horse
and Buggy" ride and rest at the park. People in Malayer speak Malayeri
dialectic which is related to Lurian (Lori_dialects) language. "Park-e
Malayer" has been named from ten years ago "Park e Seifieh" that refers
to the name of a Ghajar prince (Seyfodoleh) who built the park around 75
1.4. ASAD ABAD: Asadabad is a city in located in western Iran. It
is known as the birth place of Seyyed Jamaleddin Asadabadi. It is the
capital of Asadabad County. The ethnic composition of Asadabad, simliar
to other cities in Hamadan province is of mixed ethnic groups,with
Persian and Kurdish majority and Azeri, Lur and Lak minorities.
1.5. BAHAR: Bahar is a town in the Hamadan Province of north-west
Iran with Persian and Azeri speaking majority. It is the capital of
Bahar County. Most of the people are farmers and potato and watermelon
is cultivated mostly by them. It has mid summers and cold winter with
high rate of snowfall. Ayatollah Bahari is a famous clergyman whose
shrine is located in Bahar.
Hamadan is home to many poets and cultural celebrities. The city is
also said to be among the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.
Handicrafts: Hamadan has always been well known for handicrafts like leather, ceramic, and beautiful carpets.
Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists 207 sites of historical and cultural significance in the city of Hamadan alone.
Legend has it that the biblical Esther is buried in Hamadan.
The scientist and writer known in the west as Avicenna (Abu Ali Sina) is buried in Hamadan.
The 11th century Persian poet Baba Taher is also interred in Hamadan.
It is the birthplace of Badi` al-Zaman al-Hamadhani, author of the Maqamat.
The residents of Hamadan are very proud of the city's historical
heritage. Another source of their pride is Avicenna (aka Bouali, Buali,
Ebn-e-sina, Pur-e-Sina) who is buried in Hamadan. Primary schools, high
schools, and the main city's university are named after him. Even shops
and businesses are named after him. Bouali Street is a very busy one and
a favorite pastime of Hamadanians is to stroll up and down the street
where they frequently bump into their acquaintances. The city has a
population of around 600,000 including its outer suburbs. Hamadan is
generally a prosperous city; the northern districts are mainly lower
middle-class or working class, whereas the southern half of city is
where the upper middle class and the rich live
PAS Hamedan F.C. participates in the IPL and is Hamadan's highest
status football club which were founded on June 9, 2007 after the
dissolution of PAS Tehran F.C.
Universities of Hamedan include Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan
Medical University, Islamic Azad University of Hamadan and Hamadan
University of Technology.
The natural history museum of Hamedan is a unique collection of
plenty types of animal, plant and natural types of Iran and parts of the
The 'Hamedan museum of natural history' is a private agency. Its
task is to promote interest in, and knowledge and research on, the
origins and development of the universe and Earth, on the plant and
animal worlds and on the biology and natural environment of human
beings. Their vision is to enhance everyone´s knowledge about nature and
Operations are based on their great collections, with them as a base
they create knowledge development and dissemination of knowledge by
constantly broadening perspective.