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Hamedan province is one of the most ancient parts of Iran and its civilization. Relics of this area confirm this fact. Today's Hamedan is what is left of Ecbatana, The Medes' capital before they formed a union with the Persians. The poet Ferdowsi says that Ecbatana was built by King Jamshid.
According to historical records, there was once a castle in this city by the name of Haft Hessar (Seven Walls) which had a thousand rooms and its grandeur equalled that of the Babylon Tower.
The structures of city are related to Diya Aku, a King of the Medes from 700 BC. According to Greek records, this territory was called 'Ekbatan' and 'Hegmataneh' by this King, thus transformed into a huge capital.
During the Parthian era, Ctesiphon became capital of Persia, and Hamedan became the summer capital and residence of the Parthian rulers. After the Parthians, the Sassanids constructed their summer palaces in Hamedan as well.
In the year 633 when the war of Nahavand took place and Hamedan came into the hands of the invading Arabs, at times it thrived and at times it declined and witnessed hardships. During theBuwayhids, it suffered plenty of damages. In the 11th century, the Seljuks shifted their capital fromBaghdad to Hamedan once again.
The city of Hamaden was always at risk during the rise and fall of powers. It was completely destroyed during the Timurid invasion. But during the Safavid era the city thrived once more. In the 18th century, Hamedan surrendered to the Ottomans, but Hamedan was retaken by Nader Shah Afshari, and under the peace treaty between Iran and the Ottomans it was returned to Iran.
The city of Hamedan lay on the Silk Road and even in recent centuries enjoyed good prospects in commerce and trade being on the main road network in the western region of Iran.
According to local Jewish traditions, the City of Hamedan is mentioned in the Bible, as the capital of Ancient Persia in the days of KingAhasuerus in the Book of Esther. It was then known as Shushan. The Tombs of Mordecai and Esther are located in modern-day Hamedan
The Cultural Heritage of Iran lists 442 sites of historical and cultural significance located in Hamedan, thus making the province a rich one in terms of historical attractions.
During World War I, the city was the scene of heavy fighting between Russian and Turko-German forces. It was occupied by both armies, and finally by the British, before it was returned to control of the Iranian government at the end of the war in 1918.
Some of the most popular sites of the city include:

  • Tomb of Baba Taher the poet
  • Tomb of Avicenna
  • Tomb of Esther and Mordechai
  • Ali Sadr (Ardeles) cave
  • Waterfall of Ganjnameh
  • Stone Lion of Hamedan
  • Abass Abad jangle(Baugh)
  • Ester & Mordekhai tomb
  • Gonbad-e Alavian
  • Hamadan Stone Lion
  • Qorban Building
  • Alavian Tomb
  • Eram Park
  • Imam (pahlavi) Sq
  • Alvand Mountain
  • Alavian Tomb
  • Baba Tahir Mausleum
  • Excavated Ancient Ekbatana City
  • Hamadan Museum of Natural History
  • Lalejin
  • Ganj Nameh inscriptions of Darius The Great
  • Hegmatane (Ekbatan) City of 5000 years ago
  • Grand Bazzar of Mozafarieh
  • Tomb of Esther and Mordechai
  • Avicenna (Abu Ali Sina) Ibn Sina mausoleum
  • Estakhr e Abbas Abad (an over-the-hill lake with a magnificent view to the city
  • Nazari House
  • Mohammadi House

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